1. The U.S. federal reserve chairman has hinted he is open to cutting interest rates in the face of the ongoing U.S.-China trade war.

2. NHK has learned Japan’s government will go ahead with a planned increase in the consumption tax in October.

3. A huge vigil has been held in Hong Kong to remember the victims of the crackdown on prodemocracy protests in Beijing’s Tiananmen Square in 1989.